Relative dating example
The study of fossils and the exploration of what they tell scientists about past climates and environments on Earth can be an interesting study for students of all ages.Teaching about Earth's history is a challenge for all teachers.The fossils represented by the letters on this card are "younger" than the "T" or "C" fossils on the "TC" card which represents fossils in the oldest rock layer.Sequence the remaining cards by using the same process.
Scientific measurements such as radiometric dating use the natural radioactivity of certain elements found in rocks to help determine their age.
Materials: two sets of sequence cards in random order (set A: nonsense syllables; set B: sketches of fossils), pencil, paper Procedure Set A: 1) Spread the cards with the nonsense syllables on the table and determine the correct sequence of the eight cards by comparing letters that are common to individual cards and, therefore, overlap.
The first card in the sequence has "Card 1, Set A" in the lower left-hand corner and represents the bottom of the sequence.
Locally, physical characteristics of rocks can be compared and correlated.
On a larger scale, even between continents, fossil evidence can help in correlating rock layers.