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It is therefore essential to have as much information as possible about the material being dated and to check for possible signs of alteration.Precision is enhanced if measurements are taken on multiple samples from different locations of the rock body.It seems that most are devoted to big-money donations. Eighteenth-century naturalists thought rock layers represented vast ages, a tradition most scientists still cling to. Radiometric dating, radioactive dating or radioisotope dating is a technique which is used to date materials such as rocks or carbon, in which trace radioactive impurities were selectively incorporated when they were formed.
If one knows how much of this radioactive material was present initially in the object (by determining how much of the material has decayed), and one knows the half-life of the material, one can deduce the age of the object.
any method of determining the age of earth materials or objects of organic origin based on measurement of either short-lived radioactive elements or the amount of a long-lived radioactive element plus its decay product.
A method for determining the age of an object based on the concentration of a particular radioactive isotope contained within it.
For inorganic materials, such as rocks containing the radioactive isotope rubidium, the amount of the isotope in the object is compared to the amount of the isotope's decay products (in this case strontium).
The object's approximate age can then be figured out using the known rate of decay of the isotope.